Dating sicily

The Sicilian Expedition was an Athenian military expedition to Sicily, which took place during the period from 415 BC to 413 BC (during the Peloponnesian War).

The expedition was hampered from the outset by uncertainty in its purpose and command structure—political maneuvering in Athens swelled a lightweight force of twenty ships into a massive armada, and the expedition's primary proponent, Alcibiades, was recalled from command to stand trial before the fleet even reached Sicily—but still achieved early successes.

The defeat proved to be the turning point in the Peloponnesian War, though Athens struggled on for another decade.The morphostructural pattern of the NW-coast of Sicily gives evidence for the sensible interference between local coastal conditions like sediment drift, sea water currents and sediment supply on the one hand, the absolute rise of eustatic sea level and the absolute uplift rate on the other hand.It is obvious that eustatic oscillations, deduced from deep sea sediment values, does not automatically coincide with those recorded in the inner shelf area.Syracuse, the most powerful state on Sicily, responded exceptionally slowly to the Athenian threat and, as a result, was almost completely invested before the arrival of a Spartan general, Gylippus, galvanized its inhabitants into action.From that point forward, however, as the Athenians ceded the initiative to their newly energized opponents, the tide of the conflict shifted.